Rural People’s Coping Strategies in a Flood Prone Area of Bangladesh

M. Zulfikar Rahman, A.K.M. Abdur Rafique, M. Hammadur Rahman, M.A. Momen Miah, M. Masud Rana

Abstract


A study was carried out to assess the coping strategies practiced by flood affected rural people in Madarganj upzila (sub-district) under Jamalpur district, Bangladesh during August to November 2016. The flood affected people of eight randomly selected villages constituted the population of the study. A total of 221 people (household heads) were selected (i.e., 20% of the population) as sample by random sampling technique using probability proportion to size technique. A structured interview schedule was used to collect data on the characteristics of the rural people and their coping strategies for flood. Flood coping strategy of the rural people was determined by checking their extent of practice of a number of selected strategies. A rating scale was developed and used for the study. On the other hand, 13 socio-economic characteristics of the respondents were also considered to explore relationship between the characteristics and their extent of flood coping strategy. Correlation coefficient, linear least square model and step-wise multiple regressions were employed for inferential analysis. More than half (51.13 %) of the respondents had low coping strategy, 29.41 % had medium and only 19.46 % showed high coping strategy. According to the computed correlation co-efficient (r), ten selected characteristics of the rural people namely years of schooling,  farm size, annual household income, contact with extension media, organizational participation, training exposure, innovativeness, risk orientation, credit support and awareness about occurrence of flood were significantly correlated with rural peoples’ coping strategy for flood. Among these variables only six namely, annual household income, contact with extension media, years of schooling, risk orientation, credit support and awareness about occurrence of flood had significant contribution (about fifty %) to coping strategy for flood.

Keywords: Coping strategy, flood vulnerability, risk orientation, awareness.


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