I.S. Umar, A.I. Jacobs, M. Ibrahim


The study examined the effect of farmers-herders’ conflicts on the activities of field extension workers in Benue and Nasarawa States of Nigeria. The specific objectives were to: describe socio-economic characteristics of field extension workers of ADPs in the study area and determine the effect of conflicts on their activities. A total of 121 extension personnel were selected through stratified sampling technique for the study. Data were collected with structured questionnaire and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results indicated that the mean age of extension field workers in the study area was 41.5years and majority (75.2%) of them were male. Most (88.4%) of the extension field workers were married, while 62.8% of the extension workers had Higher National Diploma. The result also showed that the mean years of extension experience in the study area was 13.8 years. Test of difference on the effect of communal conflicts on the activities of field extension workers before and during occurrence of conflicts in the study area revealed significant differences in most of their activities like field trips (t=4.05, p=0.000), trainings (t=5.18, p=0.000), field days (t=3.29,p= 0.001), demonstrations (t=4.78,p=0.000) among others. It was concluded that the occurrences of communal conflicts in the two States hindered the activities of extension workers. Thus, the study recommends the use of combination of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) components by extension service providers as a means of disseminating agricultural information to farmers during insecure situations.

 Key words: Activities, Effect, Conflicts, Extension Workers, Farmers-Herders

Full Text:



Adeola, R. G. & Ayoade, A. R. (2011). Extension agents’ perception of the information needs of women farmers in Oyo State. Nigeria Global Journal of Human Social Science, 11(10): 1-5.

Alimba, N.C. (2014). Probing the dynamics of communal conflict in Northern Nigeria. African Researh Review, 8 (1): 177-204.

Benue State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (2015). Report of 2015 REFILS Workshop held at National Centre for Agricultural Mechanization (NCAM), Ilorin, Kwara State, May,16Th -20Th. 20p

Benue State Government (2015). Benue State of Nigeria; Our collective vision for a new Benue 2015-2019. Retrieved from http://www.benuestate.gov.ng13/04/2016.

Brosché, J. (2015). Causes of communal conflicts-Government bias, elites, and conditions for cooperation. Development Dissertation Brief 2015:06 Expertgruppen för Biståndsanalys (EBA)

Chukwone, N. A. & Agwu, A. E. (2005). Financing agricultural technology delivery in Nigeria: Would farmers be willing to pay. Journal of Extension Systems, 22(2): 69-85.

Ezeh, A.N. (2013). Extension agents’ access and utilization of information and communication technology (ICT) in extension service delivery in South-East. Nigeria Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 5(11): 266-276.

Fadiji, T.O., Atala, T.K., Omokore, D.F. & Abdulsalam, Z. (2014). Village extension agents’ socio-economic characteristics as factors in usage of information and communication technologies (ICTs): A study of three selected States of North-Western Nigeria. American Journal of Science and Technology,1(3): 82-88.

Kimenyi, M., Adibe, J., Djiré, M., Jirgi, A. J., Kergna, A., Deressa, T. T., Pugliese, J. E., &Westbury, A. (2014).The impact of conflict and political instability on agricultural investments in Mali and Nigeria. Washington, DC, Africa Growth Initiative, Working Paper 17, 51pp.

Laszlo, A. & Krippner, S. (1998). Systems theories: their origins, foundations, and development. In Jordan, J.S. (Ed.), Systems Theories and Apriori Aspects of Perception. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 3: Pp. 47-74.

Meludu, N. (2006). Conflict management strategies for effective performance of agricultural extension: A case of Ife-Modakeke Saga in Osun State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Rural Development,7(1): 143-151.

Miller, R. L. & Brewer, J.D. (2003). The A-Z of Social Research; A Dictionary of Key Social Science Research Concepts. London, SAGE Publications Ltd, 346p.

Nasarawa State Agricultural Development Programme(2015). Report of 2015 REFILS workshop held at National Centre for Agricultural Mechanization (NCAM), Ilorin, Kwara State, May,16Th -20Th. 25p

Nasarawa State (2015). Nasarawa State Primary Health Care Development Agency (NAPHDA) Profile-Nasarawa State Ministry of Health. Retrieved from http://nsmoh.gov.ng 21/01/16.

National Population Commission (2007). Legal notice on publication of the details of the breakdown of the National and State Provisional Totals of 2006 Census, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette, 94(24), Government Notice 2.

Obasi, L. O., Ijioma, J. C., Ogwo, P. A. & Okoroigwe, D. S. (2014). Evaluation of agricultural extension agents’ level of perception of climate change and sea level rise as environmental problems in Abia State, Nigeria. Discourse Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences,2(6): 190-196.

Ogunremi, J.B. & Olatunji, S.O.(2013). Perception of agricultural extension agents on the privatization of service delivery towards the rural fish farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria. Resources and Environment, 3(4): 87-90.

Okoedo-Okojie, D.U. & Edobor, E.W. (2013). Identification of communication needs of extension agents in Ondo State, Nigeria.Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS), 4 (1): 01-06.

Okwoche, V.A.O., Eziehe, J.C. & Agabi,V. (2015). Determinants of job satisfaction among extension agents in Benue State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (BNARDA), Benue State, Nigeria. European Journal of Physical and Agricultural Sciences, 3(2):38-48.

Omoregbee, F. E. & Ekpebu I. D. (2013). Analysis of Edo State agricultural development agency characteristics and its extension workers’ commitment: Implications for Nigeria’s research-extension farmers-inputs-linkage-system. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 2 (5): 54-59.

Saliu, J.O., Obinne, P.C., & Audu, S.I. (2009). Trends in agricultural extension services in Africa: Option for new approaches. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 1(3), 71-76.


  • There are currently no refbacks.