EXTENSION AND POLICY REFORMS IN THE MIDST OF DISASTER IN AGRICULTURE

Ponnusamy K., Priya Sharma

Abstract


Agriculture despite being primary source of livelihood for rural people is highly vulnerable to natural hazards like cyclones, floods, drought and hailstorm which ultimately have detrimental implications on food and livelihood security. This study attempted to analyse the secondary data relating to major disasters in India, their implications in agriculture and farmers livelihood and needed extension and policy reforms. Findings indicate that most of the damage and losses in agriculture were caused by drought and floods, apart from cyclone. Cent per cent of respondent farm families in Karnal, Yamunanagar and Sirsa districts of Haryana reported increased incidences of drought and heat waves in their area. The livestock rearers in Uttarakhand after 2013 flash flood disaster suffered heavy losses due to lack of knowledge and awareness regarding disaster preparedness, limited access to suitable agriculture and veterinary services and lack of risk taking capacity. Extension functionaries in times of disaster can play pivotal role in educating farmers about various disaster management practices. A glance of various extension strategies for management of disasters in agriculture as reported by researchers suggested to promote participatory and community based climate smart approach, Farmers to Farmer Extension, adoption of climate resilient ITKs in crop and livestock farming and providing nutritional and shelter interventions to protect the dairy animals from heat stress.

Keywords: Disaster, agriculture, extension, policy reforms, extension strategies


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References


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