Kesavan R. Venkata


From time to time librarians have always stood for the cause of their library user communities by facilitating faster and pinpointed access to quality information, using latest technological developments and innovations. Creating, managing and offering Digital Library (DL) service is one such mission for the modern day LIS professionals. DLs projects are quite challenging to implement as well as very expensive to develop, maintain and sustain. However, if DL projects are woven with the mission and strategic goals of their parent organizations, then such projects will always be beneficial to the user community and can become successful. In this paper, apart from defining the DL concept, elaborating the need for DLs and identifying the resources for DL collections, an attempt has been made to provide step-by-step guidelines for planning, designing, developing and managing DL projects and offering digital library services. The paper also highlights some of the critical issues one has to deal with while handling DL projects. Besides the paper suggests a number of best practices which one can follow in developing and managing DL projects.


Keywords: Digital library management; Digital library services; Information retrieval systems, digitization

Full Text:



Ackerman, Mark S. "Providing Social Interaction in the Digital Library". Proceedings of Digital Libraries '94: First Annual Conference on the Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries. College Station, TX (1994): 198-200.

Adams, Anne and, Ann Blandford. "The Unseen and Unacceptable Face of Digital Libraries." International Journal on Digital Libraries. 4.2 (2004): 71-81.

Adams, Anne and Ann Blandford. "The Developing Roles of Digital Library Intermediaries." Working Paper. London: UCL Interaction Centre (UCLIC), 2006. 12 Oct. 2008.

Baig, Fawad. "Development of Digital Library for Web Based Education." Journal of Research (Science), 17.2 (2006): 97-102.

Bates, Marcia J. "The Cascade of Interactions in the Digital Library Interface." Information Processing and Management. 38.3 (2002): 381-400. .

Blandford, Ann. "Interacting with Information Resources: Designing Libraries for Learning." International Journal of Learning Technologies. 2.2/3. (2006): 185-202.

Blandford, Ann, et al. (2004). Analytical Usability Evaluation for Digital Libraries: A Case Study. Technical Report: IDC-TR-2004-002, London: Interaction Design Centre, Middlesex University, 2004. 15 June 2008. .

Borgman, Christine, Ingeborg Solvberg and Laszlo Kovacs, eds. "Evaluation of Digital Libraries: Testbeds, Measurements, and Metrics." Report of Fourth DELOS Workshop. Budapest: Hungarian Academy of Sciences. 6-7 June 2002. 26 Sep 2008.

Borgman, Christine L., et al. "Evaluating Digital Libraries for Teaching and Learning in Undergraduate Education: A case study of the Alexandria Digital Earth Prototype (ADEPT)." Library Trends. 49.2, (2000): 228-250.

Borgman, Christine L., et al. "Comparing Faculty Information Seeking in Teaching and Research: Implications for the Design of Digital Libraries." Journal of The American Society for Information Science and Technology, 56.6 (2005): 636-657.

Butterworth, Richard. "Gathering User Requirements When You Do Not Know Who the Users are: A Case Study of Digital Library Development." Technical Report: IDC-TR-2006-002, London: Interaction Design Centre, School of Computing Science, Middlesex University, Feb. 2006. 10 Sep. 2008. .

Covi, Lisa M. "Material Mastery: Situating Digital Library Use in University Research Practices." Information Processing and Management. 35.3 (1999): 293-316.

Dawson, Alan. "Building a Digital Library in 80 days: A Glasgow Experience." Judith Andrews and Derak Law, eds. Digital Libraries: Policy, Planning and Practice, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2004. 131-153.

Digital Library Federation. "A Working Definition of Digital Library." 1998. 25 Sep 2008.

Feng, Ling, Manfred A. Jeusfeld and Jeroen Hoppenbrouwers. "Beyond Information Searching and Browsing: Acquiring Knowledge from Digital Libraries." Information Processing & Management. 41.1 (2005): 97-120.

Fuhr, Norbert, et al. "Evaluation of Digital Libraries." International Journal on Digital Libraries. 8.1 (2007): 21-38.

Harsler, Michael. "Integrating Digital Document Acquisition into a University Library: a Case Study of Social and Organizational Challenges." Journal of Digital Information Management. 1.4 (2003): 162-171.

Hill, Linda L., et al. "Collection Metadata Solutions for Digital Library Applications." Journal of The American Society for Information Science. 50.13 (1999): 1169-1181.

Hill, Linda L., et al. "Alexandria Digital Library: User Evaluation Studies and System Design." Journal of The American Society for Information Science. 51.3 (2000): 246-259.

Hughes-Hassel, Sandra and Erika T. Miller. "Public library Websites for Young Adults: Meeting the Needs of Today's Teens Online." Library & Information Science Research. 25.2 (2003): 143-156.

Keith, Suzette, Ann Blandford and Bod Fields "Tailoring Claims Analysis to the Design and Deployment of Digital Libraries: A Case Study." London: Interaction Design Centre, Middlesex University, 2003. 12 Nov.2008. .

Kennedy, John. "A Collection Development Policy for Digital Information Resources?" The Australian Library Journal, 54.3. 6 July 2006. 11 Dec. 2008. .

Koohang, Alex and Keith Harman. "Usability of Digital Libraries and their Reusable Objects in E-Learning Settings." Issues in Information Systems, 6.2 (2005): 272-278.

Kuny, Terry and Gary Cleveland. "The Digital Library: Myths and Challenges." IFLA Journal. 24.2 (1998): 107-113.

Leinder, Barry M. "The Scope of Digital Library". Discussion Paper for DLib Working Group on Digital Library Metrics. 16 Jan 1998. Feb 18 2009. .

Linde, Peter. "Introduction to Digital Libraries - Memex of the Future." Supplement to the Proceedings ELPUB2006 Conference on Electronic Publishing - Bansko, Bulgaria, (June 2006): 15-32.

Marchionini, Gary, Catherine Plaisant, and Anita Komlodi, "Interfaces and Tools for the Library of Congress National Digital Library Program." Information Processing & Management. 34.5 (1998): 535-555.

Marshall, Catherine C., Gene Golovchinsky and Morgan N Price. "Digital Libraries and Mobility." Communications of the ACM. 44.5 (2001): 55-56.

McCray, Alexa T. and Marie E Gallagher. "Principles for Digital Library Development." Communications of the ACM. 44.5 (2001): 49-54.

Pomerantz, Jeffrey. "Integrating Digital Reference Service into the Digital Library Environment." R. David Lankes, Scott Nicholson and Abby Goodrum, eds. The Digital Reference Research Agenda (23-47). Chicago: Association of College and Research Libraries, 2003. 15 Dec. 2008. .

Sandusky, Robert J. "Digital Library Attributes: Framing Usability Research." Proc. Workshop on Usability of Digital Libraries at JCDL'02. Eds. Ann Blandford and George Buchanan. 2002. 35-38.

Sapp, Megan R. and Amy S. Vab Epps, "Equal Access: What does the Digital Revolution Mean for Library Web Sites?" Science and Technology Libraries. 26.3/4 (2006): 157-173.

Saracevic, Tefko and Lisa Covi. "Challenges for Digital Library Evaluation." Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of American Society for Information Science. 37. (2000): 341-350.

Slovney, Sean M. "Usage Trends in a Digital Library. A Case Study of" A Master's paper for the M.S. in I.S. Degree. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Nov. 2004. 20 Sep 2008. .

Smith, Terence R. "A Digital Library for Geographically Referenced Materials." Computer. 29.5 (1996): 55-60.

Stelmaszewska, Hanna and Ann Blandford. "Patterns of Interactions: User Behaviour in Response to Search Results." Proceedings of JCDL '02 - Workshop on Usability of Digital Libraries. Portland, Oregon, 2002. 18 May 2008.

Stelmaszewska, Hanna and Ann Blandford. "From physical to digital: A Case Study of Computer Scientists' Behaviour in Physical Libraries." International Journal of Digital Libraries. 4.2 (2004): 82-92.

Tjieka, Liauw T. "Desa Informasi: The Role of Digital Libraries in the Preservation and Dissemination of Indigenous Knowledge." Bulletin, June / July (2007). 17 Sep 2008. .

White, Bruce and Rae Gendall. "Barriers to the Use of Digital Information by University Researchers." Proceedings Educause Australasia 2005, Auckland, New Zealand. 2005. 12 Apr 2008. .

Wilson, Tom D. "Recent Trends in User Studies: Action Research and Qualitative Methods." Information Research, 5.3. 18 Mar. 2000. 20 Dec. 2008. .

Witten, Ian H., David Bainbridge and Stefan J. Boddie. "Greenstone: Open-Source Digital Library Software with End-User Collection Building." Online Information Review, 25.5 (2001): 288-298.


  • There are currently no refbacks.